IJEP 41(8): 918-923 : Vol. 41 Issue. 8 (August 2021)
Nandhini E. and Manoj Kumaar C.*
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Chennai – 600 119, India
Plastic is used as a polymer substitute for natural materials. It has become an essential aspect of our lives and there was a considerable intensification in the production of plastic in the last few decades. This research aims to evaluate the possibility of using granulated plastic waste material to partially substitute for the fine aggregate in the concrete specimen. In this M30 grade, concrete design strength of mix ratio of 1:1.3:2.44 and 0.42 w/c ratio were used. Five different percentages (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%) of recycled polypropylene plastic granules waste were used to replace the fine aggregate and in addition to this GI wire fibre, 2% by weight of concrete was added to improve the mechanical properties of concrete. GI wire fibre can be used as a low-cost alternative to steel fibre in concrete. The physical properties test was conducted on cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and plastic granules. The workability and density were improved by the addition of plastic granules. The compressive and split tensile strengths for the specimens were determined to find the optimum percentage of recycled polypropylene plastic (PP) granules. The test result revealed that the compressive strength increases upto 20% and tensile strength were increased by 10% compared to the normal concrete.
Galvanized iron wire fibre, Polypropylene plastic granules, Compression, Split tensile strength
- Chen, C.C., et al. 2015. Concrete mixture with plas tic as fine aggregate. International J. Adv. Mech. Civil Eng., 2(4): 49-53.
- Balaji, K.V.G.D., T.K. Santosh and K.N. Gupta. 2019. Adoption of recycled HDPE plastic granules and waste crushed glass as a partial substitute of fine sand in concrete. Int. J. Eng. Adv. Tech., 8(5): 536-542.
- Mohammed, A.A., I.I. Mohammed and S.A. Mohammed. 2019. Some properties of concrete with plastic aggregate derived from shredded PVC sheets. Construction Building Mater., 201: 232-245. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.12.145.
- Bagde, S. 2017. Performance of fiber reinforced concrete from recycled pet plastic waste- A study review. Int. J. Res. Appl. Sci. Eng. Tech., V(IV): 1140-1146. DOI: 10.22214/ijraset.2017.4203.
- Guendouz, M., et al. 2016. Use of plastic waste in sand concrete. J. Mater. Env. Sci., 7(2): 382-389.
- Rahmani, E., et al. 2013. On the mechanical properties of concrete containing waste PET particles. Construction Building Mater., 47: 1302-1308. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.06.041.
- Ghernouti, Y., et al. 2009. Use of recycled plastic bag waste in concrete. J. Int. Sci. Publications: Mater. Methods Tech., 8: 480-487.
- Faraj, R.H., A.F.H. Sherwani and A. Daraei. 2019. Mechanical, fracture and durability properties of self-compacting high strength concrete containing recycled polypropylene plastic particles. J. Building Eng., 25: 100808. DOI: 10.1016/J.JOBE.2019. 100808.
- Chunchu, B.R.K. and J. Putta. 2019. Effect of recycled plastic granules as a partial substitute for natural resource sand on the durability of SCC. Res., 8(3). DOI: 10.3390/resources8030133.
- P.S. 2013. Utilization of pulverized plastic in cement concrete as fine aggregate. Int. J. Res. Eng. Tech., 2(6): 1015-1019. DOI: 10.15623/ijret.2013. 0206018.
- Zerdi, T.A., et al. 2016. Engineering investigation of compressive strength in recycled plastics granules (HDPE) concrete by replacement with coarse aggregates. 5: 184-186.
- Saikia, N. and J. de Brito. 2014. Mechanical properties and abrasion behaviour of concrete containing shredded PET bottle waste as a partial substitution of natural aggregate. Construction Building Mater., 52: 236-244. DOI: 10.1016/J.CONBUILD MAT.2013.11.049.
- Yang, S., et al. 2015. Properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete containing recycled plastic particles. Construction Building Mater., 84: 444-453. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.03.038.
- Abdelmoti, H.M. and M.A. Mustafa. 2019. Use of polypropylene waste plastic pellets as partial replacement for fine aggregate in concrete. UofKEJ. 9(2): 33-39. Available at www.ejournals.uofk.edu.
- Emon, M.A.B., T. Manzur and N. Yazdani. 2016. Improving performance of light weight concrete with brick chips using low cost steel wire fiber. Construction Building Mater., 106: 575-583. DOI: 10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2015.12.165.
- ACI 544. 2008. 3r, guide for specifying, proportioning, mixing, placing and finishing steel fiber reinforced concrete, American concrete institute, Farmington Hills, MI.
- ASTM m. a820/a820. 2004. Standard specification for steel fibers for fiber reinforced concrete. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, USA.
- BIS. 2009. Guidelines for concrete mix design proportioning. IS 10262. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
- BIS. 2007. Plain and reinforced concrete code of practice (4th rev). IS. 1-114. Available at http://www.iitk.ac.in/ce/test/IS-codes/is.456.2000.pdf.
- IS 1199. 1959. Methods of sampling and analysis of concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
- BIS. 2004. Method of tests for strength of concrete. IS: 516-1959 (reaffirmed 2004). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
- BIS. Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.