Generation, Composition And Management Of Waste Generated Along The Riverfronts (Ghats) Of River Ganga In Varanasi City, India

IJEP 41(9): 1046-1053 : Vol. 41 Issue. 9 (September 2021)

Vijai Krishna*, Sweta Singh Maurya, Chameli Soren and Tanya Gupta

Banaras Hindu University, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development, Varanasi – 221 005, U.P., India


Varanasi is one of the most famous cities for its riverfronts and religious and cultural activities carried on there in India. There are 86 riverfronts (ghats). This research work assessed the sources, composition, effects, management and disposal aspects of solid waste produced at nine selected most prominent riverfronts of Varanasi. It has been seen that nine selected riverfronts generated 1880.7 kg waste per day in which flower waste was highest, that is 893.4 kg (47.5%) followed by plastic 499.4 kg (26.55%), paper 305.2 kg (16.22%), cloths 98.7 kg (5.24%) and glass 84 kg (4.46%) wastes. Whereas Manikarnika generated 6000 kg ash and Harishchandra 850 kg ash per day, respectively. At 86 ghats, the number of shops, temples and dustbins is 158, 113 and 244, respectively. To clean 86 ghats, 600 workers work regularly from 6 AM to 10 PM and 20 supervisors supervise them. Management potentials include the production of vermicomposting, composting, extraction of natural dyes, essential oils, biogas generation, incense sticks, rose water and handmade paper. Most of the waste is disposed of at the Karsada waste processing plant.


Riverfront (Ghats), solid waste management, River pollution, Religious waste


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