Morphometric Analysis of Upstream Thandava Reservoir using RS and GIS Applications

IJEP 42(5): 624-630 : Vol. 42 Issue. 5 (May 2022)

B.V. Ramanamurthy and B. Vijayasaradhi*

Andhra University, College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Visakhapatnam – 530 003, Andhra Pradesh, India


Morphometric analysis describes the nature of the land formation on the earth’s surface in the form of linear, aerial, and relief aspects. The morphometric analysis also helps in any hydrological investigation, like groundwater potential, quality and basin assessment and management. The present study carried out linear and aerial aspects of upstream Thandava reservoir located in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh state, India. Alongwith field visit, remote sensing techniques and GIS software (Arc GIS 10.3) have been used in this study for the extraction of accurate data and analysis. Satellite images and Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) data had downloaded from USGS ( have been taken as inputs for the performance of GIS outcomes. GIS has classified the study area into four sub-basins and the morphometric parameters have been computed using standard formulae. The micro-watersheds in an area less than 5 km2 have not been taken into account for analysis and based on the correlation of parameters of the basins the character of basins have shown in this study. Finally, by giving prioritization to the sub-basins, we could take sustainable measures for soil–water conservation, erosion control activities and flood risk mitigation at the right locations in the study area for improved planning and management.


Morphometric analysis, Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission, USGS, Micro-watershed, Basin, Remote sensing, Geographical information system


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