Comparative Analysis of Green Synthesis and Chemical Synthesis of Nanoparticles and its Applications

IJEP 43(11): 1022-1035 : Vol. 43 Issue. 11 (November 2023)

Vaani Yadav and Varsha Gupta*

JECRC University, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Jaipur – 303 905, Rajasthan, India


Nanoparticles are rapidly expanding field of nanotechnology. Nowadays it has become an interesting topic due to its unique properties. It has larger surface to volume ratio that makes it more effective. There are two approaches to nanoparticle synthesis- chemical and biological. Chemical approach requires more cost and is found to be toxic in nature. As a result of their chemical synthesis, numerous hazardous chemicals are found on surfaces of nanoparticles. So, green synthesis is gaining more attention in order to create metallic nanoparticles. Green synthesis includes bioactive agents, such as plants, micro-organisms, fruit peel waste, agricultural waste, etc. Green route synthesis is found to be more economical, environmentally safe, biocompatible and non-toxic approach for synthesis of nanoparticles. In this review using both chemical and environmentally friendly methods which is preferable over the other is emphasized. By focusing on a more sustainable approach, nanotechnology limits the use of conventional techniques that help in creating a greener, safer and sustainable future.


Applications, Chemical, Bioactive agents, Biocomp-atible, Eco-friendly, Green, Nanoparticles, Non-toxic, Synthesis, Sustainable


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