Community-based solid waste management: Case Studies in Kerala and Mumbai

IJEP 43(2): 134-141 : Vol. 43 Issue. 2 (February 2023)

Pinar Temocin1*, Ghulam Dastgir Khan2, Noriyuki Kawano1 and Yuichiro Yoshida2

1. Hiroshima University, The Center for Peace, Hiroshima – 739 8511, Japan
2. Hiroshima University, The IDEC Institute, Hiroshima – 739 8511, Japan


Solid waste management (SWM) has become one of the most important and discussed topics in India. The municipalities, as a sole agency, can struggle to effectively manage solid waste. Therefore, communities in India have taken the initiative to turn waste into socio-cultural and economical resources. This study on SWM focuses on community involvement in Kozhikode, Kerala and the public-private partnership in N-ward, Mumbai, Maharashtra. The proactive measures adopted by the central, state and municipal government bodies in Kerala and Mumbai were considered as they highlight the importance of effective waste management and community participation in decentralized waste planning and public-private partnerships for improving the profile of waste management issues. Qualitative research methods were used to identify successful local approaches for sustainable development through effective and well-organized public participation, engagement and social inclusion to improve their waste management profile and behaviour. The data analysis and findings of this study provide a two-fold contribution to SWM. First, an empirical investigation was conducted on the SWM practices across two different regions of the country (Kerala and Mumbai). Second, recommendations were formulated to improve waste management, considering the representative cases of Kerala and Mumbai.


Community engagement, India, Solid waste, Sustainable local development


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