Conceptual Integration of Transparent Concrete with other forms of Concrete to Develop a Holistic Sustainable Green Material: Energy Saving

IJEP 44(1): 74-82 : Vol. 44 Issue. 1 (January 2024)

Ramu Penki1*, Jogiparthi Sandeep1, M. Kaushiki2 and Kona Mahesh3

1. GMR Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Razam – 532 127, Andhra Pradesh, India
2. Rochester Institute of Technology, Sustainable Systems, One Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester 14623, New York, United States
3. CVR College of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Hyderabad – 501 510, Telangana, India


Construction industry consumes a large number of natural resources in its lifetime and consumes a considerable amount of energy in production right from extraction to demolition. Due to extensive usage of natural resources certainly, there will be a detrimental environmental impact; to reduce this impact, the concept of sustainable construction has been introduced. Sustainable construction promotes development without creating much impact on the environment. For sustainable development, there must be sustainable construction practices and materials which should be supported by a circular economy to achieve desired results of sustainability. As concrete is the most often utilised material in construction or infrastructure development, making of concrete involves an enormous amount of energy and it is an opaque body which doesn’t allow the passage of light when used in construction. So, to minimise the building’s energy consumption, the concrete is modified by incorporating optical fibres in the conventional concrete which in turn allows the transmission of light. When optical fibres are used at 4% of the volume of concrete can reduce energy consumption by 20% as per current research. This paper provides idea to integrate transparent concrete with other concrete forms conceptually, to improve lighting efficiency and also to perform multifunctionalities with one single concrete which makes transparent concrete a more green and sustainable material.


Sustainable green material, Light transmitting concrete, Circular economy, Optical fibres


  1. Iwaro, J. and A. Mwasha. 2013. The impact of sustainable building envelope design on building sustainability using integrated performance model. Int. J. Sustain. Built Env., 2(2):153-171.
  2. Anastasiades, K., et al. 2020. Translating the circular economy to bridge construction: Lessons learnt from a critical literature review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews. 117:109522.
  3. Mensah, J. 2019. Sustainable: Meaning, history, principles, pillars and implications for human action: Literature review. Cogent Social Sci., 5(1): 1653531. DOI: 10.1080/293118862019.16535 31.
  4. Ogunmakinde, O.E., T. Egbelakin and W. Sher. 2022. Contributions of the circular economy to the UN sustainable development goals through sustainable construction. Resour. Conser. Recycling. 178: 106023. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.106023.
  5. Hossain, M.U., et al. 2020. Circular economy and the construction industry: Existing trends, challenges and prospective framework for sustainable construction. Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews. 130: 109948. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2020.109948.
  6. Hesmati, A. 2016. A review of the circular economy and its implementation. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9611. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn. 2713032.
  7. Akadiri, P.O. 2015. Understanding barriers affecting the selection of sustainable materials in building projects. J. Building Eng., 4:86-93. DOI: 10.101 6/j.jobe.2015.08.006.
  8. Penki, R. and S.K. Rout. 2021. Next-generation bitumen: A review on challenges and recent developments in bio-bitumen preparation and usage. Biomass Conversion Biorefinery. 13(11): 1-18. DOI: 10.1007/s13399-021-01803-4.
  9. Bhan, S. and U.K. Behera. 2014. Conservation agriculture in India- Problems, prospects and policy issues. Int. Soil. Water Conser. Res., 2(4):1-12. DOI: 10.1016/s2095.6339(15)30053-8.
  10. Alrashed, F. and M. Asif. 2014. Trends in residential energy consumption in Saudi Arabia with particular references to the Eastern Province. J. Sustain. Develop. Energy Water Env. Systems. 2(4): 376-387. DOI: 10.13044/j.sdewes.2014.02 0030.
  11. Malla, S. 2022. An outlook of end-use energy demand based on a clean energy and technology transformation of the household sector in Nepal. Energy. 238: 121810. DOI: 10.1016/ 1810.
  12. Alwisy, A., S. BuHamdan and M. Gul. 2019. Evidence based ranking of green building design factors according to leading energy modelling tools. Sustain. Cities Soc., 47: 101491.
  13. Chwieduk, D. 2003. Towards sustainable-energy buildings. Appl. Energy. 76(1-3): 211-217. DOI: 10. 1016/SO306-26191(03)00059-X.
  14. Marszal, A.J., et al. 2011. Zero energy building- A review of definitions and calculation methodologies. Energy Buildings. 43(4): 971-979.
  15. Visa, I., et al. 2020. Solar energy conversion systems in the built environment. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34829-8.
  16. Zuo, J. and Z.Y. Zhao. 2014. Green building research- Current status and future agenda: A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews. 30:271-281. DOI: 10.1016/rser.2013.10.021.
  17. Zeiler, W. and G. Boxem. 2013. Net-zero energy building school. Renew. Energy. 49: 282-286. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2012.01.013.
  18. Cao, X., X. Dai and J. Liu. 2016. Building energy-consumption status worldwide and the state-of-the-art technologies for zero-energy buildings during the past decade. Energy Buildings. 128: 198-213. DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild. 2016. 06.089.
  19. Penki, R., et al. 2022. A scientometric analysis on bio-bitumen. In Advances in construction materials and sustainable environment. Springer, Singapore. pp 607-619. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-1 6-6557-8_50.
  20. Rajendran, P., R. Jeyshankar and B. Elango. 2011. Scientometric analysis of contributions to journal of scientific and industrial research. Int. J. Digital Library Services. 1(2): 79-89.
  21. Kibert, C.J. 2016. Sustainabe construction: Green building design and delivery. John Wiley and Sons. DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.42018.
  22. Alshuwaikhat, H.M. and I. Abubakar. 2008. An integrated approach to achieving campus sustaina-bility assessment of the current campus environmental management practices. J. Clean. Prod., 16(16): 1777-1785. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2007. 12.002.
  23. Spiegel, R. and D. Meadows. 2010. Green building materials: A guide to product selection and specification. John Wiley and Sons. DOI : 10.4236/jbepr. 2013.14013.
  24. Yglesias, C. 2014. The innovative use of materials in architecture and landscape architecture: History, theory and performance. McFarland and Co. Inc.
  25. Ahuja, A. and K.M. Mosalam. 2017. Evaluating energy consumption saving from a translucent concrete building envelope. Energy Building. 153: 448-460. DOI: 10-1016/j.enbuild.2017.06.062.
  26. De Luca, P., I. Carbone and J.B. Nagy. 2017. Green building materials: A review of state-of-the-art studies of innovative materials. J. Green Building. 12(4): 141-161. DOI: 10.3992/1943-4618.12.4.141.
  27. Fahmy, S. 2018. Application of transparent concrete in the interior design of smart houses. J. Architect. Arts Humanistic Sci., 103:89. DOI: 10.1 2816/0046531.
  28. Sangeetha, M., et al. 2015. An experimental investigation on energy efficient lightweight light translucent concrete. Int. J. Sci. Res. Develop., 3(2): 127-130.
  29. Huang, B. 2020. Light transmission performance of translucent concrete building envelope. Cogent Eng., 7(1): 1756145. DOI: 10.1080/23311916. 2020.1756145.
  30. Shanmugavadivu, P.M., et al. 2014. An experimental study on light transmitting concrete. Int. J. Res. Eng. Tech., 3(11): 160-163.
  31. Wahane, A., et al. 2022. Experimental study on translucent concrete. Int. J. Res. Appl. Sci. Eng. Tech., 10(1): 789-792.
  32. Lian, F. and Z. Yin. 2022. Mechanical light transmittance properties and simulation study of sustainable translucent lightweight aggregate concrete. Mater. Res. Express. 9(2): 025507. DOI: 10.1088/2053-1591/ac5552.
  33. Pagliolico, S.L., et al. 2015. A preliminary study on light transmittance properties of translucent concrete panels with coarse waste glass inclusions. Energy Procedia. 78: 1811-1816. DOI: 10.1016/J.EGYPRO.2015.11.317.
  34. Tuaum, A., et al. 2019. Structural performance of translucent concrete facade panels. Adv. Civil Eng., DOI: 10.1155/2019/4604132.
  35. Huang, B. and W. Lu. 2020. Experimental investigation of the multi-physical properties of an energy efficient translucent concrete panel for a building envelope. Appl. Sci., 10(9): 6863. DOI: 10.3390/app10196883.
  36. Sharma, M., T. Singh and S.S. Setia. 2020. Luminous concrete as green building material. International Conference on Advances in materials processing and manufacturing applications. Proceedings, pp 327-334. DOI: 10.1007.978-981-16-0909-1_33.
  37. Li, Y., et al. 2015. Experimental study of light transmitting cement based material (LTCM). Constr. Build. Mater., 96: 319-325. DOI: 10.1016/j-conbu ildmat.2015.08.055.
  38. Luhar, I., et al. 2021. Light transmitting concrete: A review. Buildings. 11(10): 480. DOI: 10.3390/buildings11100480.
  39. Huong, O.W. and U. Kassim. 2019. Translucent concrete by plastics fibre optics as a sustainable material that benefit to residential building. J. Adv. Res. Eng. Knowl., 6:1-6.
  40. Van Lieshout, B., P. Spiesz and H.J.H. Brouwers. 2012. Application waste glass in translucent and photocatalytic concrete. 18th International Conference on Building materials (IBAUSIL 2012). Weimar, Germany. Proceedings, pp 12-15.
  41. Henriques, T.D.S., D.C. Dal Molin and A.B. Masuero. 2018. Study of the influence of sorted polymeric optical fibres (POFs) in samples of a light transmitting cement-based material (LTCM). Constr. Build. Mater., 161: 305-315. DOI: 10.10 16/J.CONBUILDMAT.2017.11.137.
  42. Sawant, A.B., R.V. Jugdar and S.G. Sawant. 2014. Light transmitting concrete by using optical fiber. Int. J. Inventive Eng. Sci., 3(1): 23-28. DOI: 10.10 07/978-981-10-4349-9_15.
  43. Altlomate, A., et al. 2016. Experimental study of light transmitting concrete. Int. J. Sustain. Build. Tech. Urban Develop., 7(3-4): 133-139. DOI: 10.1 080/2093761×2016.1237396.
  44. Kumar, A. and R. Ahlawat. 2017. Experimental study on light transmitting concrete. Int. J. Innovative Sci. Eng. Tech., 4(6): 201-210.
  45. Bashbash, B. F., et al. 2013. Basics of light transmitting concrete. Global Adv. Res. J. Eng. Tech. Innovation. 2(3): 76-83.
  46. Tahwia, A.M., et al. 2022. Mechanical and light transmittance properties of high performance translucent concrete. Case Studies Constr. Mater., 17: e01260. DOI: 10.1016/j.cscm.2022.e01260.
  47. Shen, J. and Z. Zhou. 2021. Light transmitting performance and energy-saving of plastic optical fibre transparent concrete products. Indoor Built Env., 30(5): 635-649. DOI: 10.1177/1420326x 2090 3368.
  48. Huang, B., et al. 2022. Fabrication and energy efficiency of translucent concrete panel for building envelope. Energy. 248: 123635. DOI: 10.1016/ 2022.123635.
  49. Sobo, C.A., S. Farooq and S. Azhar. 2021. Plastic fiber optics embedded concrete to study its light transmitting properties for sustainable and economical buildings. Mehran University Res. J. Eng. Tech., 40(2): 399-414. DOI: 10.22581/muet198 2.2102.14.
  50. Kamdi, A.B. 2013. Transparent concrete as a green material for building. Int. J. Struct. Civil Eng. Res., 2(3): 172-175.
  51. Juan, S. and Z. Zhi. 2013. Some progress on smart transparent concrete. Pacific Sci. Review. 15(1): 51-55.
  52. Han, B., L. Zhang and J. Ou. 2017. Smart and multi-funtional concrete toward sustainable infrastructures. Springer, Singapore. pp 369-377. DOI: 10.10 07/978-981-10-4349-9.
  53. Ambient glow technology AGTTM(website).
  54. Barbosa, F., J. Woetzel and J. Mischke. 2017. Reinventing construction: A note of higher productivity. McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey and Company.
  55. Spiesz, P., S. Rouvas and H.J.H. Brouwers. 2016. Utilization of waste glass in translucent and photocatalytic concrete. Constr. Build. Mater., 128: 436-448. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.10.063.