Suitability of Manufactured Sand as Alternative to Natural Fine Aggregate in Cement Concrete

IJEP 44(4): 291-299 : Vol. 44 Issue. 4 (April 2024)

Sumit Agrawal1, Vikas Srivastava1* and Ashok Tiwari2

1. Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHUATS), Department of Civil Engineering, Prayagraj – 211 007, Uttar Pradesh, India
2. UltraTech Cement Ltd., Technical and Quality Department, India


Sand is a common ingredient that is used in every basic part of construction. It is used from the sub-base to the top of any structure. This huge demand for sand leads to depreciation of ecosystem. Digging of river bases to fulfill our demand is affecting river ecosystem. That’s why we have to shift our dependency on natural sand to artificial sand, rather known as manufactured sand. Manufactured sand is made in controlled environment; we can set our parameters to achieve the same particle size distribution as natural sand. This dissertation is about replacing natural sand with manufactured sand, which is replaced by 50%, 75%, and 100% by weight in M-25 and M-40 grades of concrete. The tests for 7, 14 and 28 days were conducted to evaluate workability, density, compressive strength, split tensile strength, sorptivity and water absorption of concrete. This study is concerned with experimental research on the concrete strength with same cement and proportion with two different sands of same weight.


Manufactured sand, Natural sand, Density, Sorptivity, Workability, Permeability, Compression, Tension


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