Coir Pith: A Potential Material For Fabrication Of Low-Cost Particle Board

IJEP 41(1): 72-78 : Vol. 41 Issue. 1 (January 2021)

C. R. Sahoo, T. K. Bastia and B. B. Kar*

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (Deemed to be University), Department of Chemistry, School of Applied Sciences, Bhubaneswar – 751 024, Odisha, India


The objective of this paper is to utilize waste coir pith, generated from coconut cultivation. During the study, the techno-mechanical properties of the particle board are being tested continuously. In this process, waste coir pith is dried and shredded into a size range within 1 cm. These shredded materials are then ground to smaller particle size in the range of 2-4 mm. The factors under consideration are density (900-1000 kg/m3). The experiments are carried out with variable temperatures in the range of 25-60°C. The boards after fabrication are tested for thickness, moisture content and water absorption. It has been found that all the panel boards are having a much higher density than that of the IS – 3087 standards except urea formaldehyde resin based boards. Similarly, thickness, moisture content, water absorption are within the range of standard IS – 3087. When they are subjected to mechanical parameters, properties such as tensile strength, compressive strength and flexural strength are taken into consideration. The data revealed that as compared to other panels, boards prepared using urea formaldehyde, phenol formaldehyde and melamine formaldehyde resin showed better tensile strength (that is 2 MPa) whereas boards made up of lignin formaldehyde and molasses formaldehyde are of lower tensile strength. Similar results are revealed in terms of compressive and flexural strength as well.


Coir pith, Particle board, Urea formaldehyde resin, Lignin formaldehyde


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