Surface Water Quality Assessment In Bhokardan Area Of Jalna District, Maharashtra State

IJEP 41(10): 1083-1095 : Vol. 41 Issue. 10 (October 2021)

K.P. Dandge and S.S. Patil*

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Department of Environmental Science, Aurangabad-431 004, Maharastra, India


Ambient or environmental water quality includes the water quality of lakes, rivers and oceans. The water quality of these resources is declining with time due to various natural and anthropogenic sources of pollution. As surface water is major source of drinking water, made essential to monitor its quality regularly. In the present study an attempt was made to check suitability of surface water for drinking purposes and coupling of water quality index with GIS tools for better visual representation of the data. The generated WQI map can be used as a monitoring tool for surface water quality of Bhokardan area of Jalna district, Maharashtra state, India. The surface water quality is estimated by analyzing the various physico-chemical parameters, such as pH, alkalinity, electrical conductivity, fluoride, chloride, nitrate, sulphate, potassium, total hardness, E. coli, turbidity, total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen and biochemical oxygen demand measured at 32 different selected locations in the study area for pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. The overall results revealed that almost all the surface water sources from the Bhokardan area, Jalna district, India were foud unsuitable for drinking purposes. The application of coupling WQI with GIS techniques to evaluate sequential and spatial variations in surface water quality was, therefore, found suitable and effective for monitoring and managing surface water resources.


Surface water, Water quality index, Spatial distribution, Bhokardan area


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