Impact Of Pre-monsoon Cyclonic Storm Fani Along The Coastal Tract Of Odisha : A Geospatial Assessment

IJEP 41(4): 363-371 : Vol. 41 Issue. 4 (April 2021)

Manoranjan Mishra1*, Prabhu Prasad Das2, Pritam Chand3, Shailendra Kumar Mishra4, Dipika Kar1 and Siba Sankar Sahu5

1. Khallikote University, Department of Natural Resource Management and Geoinformatics, Odisha, India
2. Amity University Haryana, Amity Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Science and Technology, Gurugram, India
3. Central University of Punjab, Department of Geography, School of Environment and Earth Sciences, Bathinda- 151 901, Punjab, India
4. University of Allahabad, Department of Anthropology, Allahabad, India
5. Ravenshaw University, Department of Geography, Cuttack, India


The coastal tract of Odisha along the Indian east coast witnessed a rare pre-monsoon severe cyclonic storm Fani on 3rd May 2019. The storm was unique with respect to its timing, strength and trajectory wherein contrary to normal observations, it intensified to a category – 4 cyclones from a tropical depression as it approached the Indian subcontinent. Current research findings portray the impact being catastrophic taking away 64 lives and opening up 4 new mouths along the largest lagoon of Asia, the Chilika. The study indicates noteworthy erosional and accretion activity along the shoreline. These changes are going to affect the sensitive coastal ecosystem of Chilika lagoon due to saline water transgression. Hence, it is suggested that better preparedness, adequate beefed-up infrastructure as well as eco-sensitive measures, such as cyclone-resistant plantations should be given a thrust for sustainable management of this susceptible coastal tract.


Cyclone, Fani, Odisha, Chilika, Shoreline, Pre-monsoon


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