Total Suspended Particulate Matter And PM10 Concentrations Related Meteorological Conditions In Daya, Makassar

IJEP 41(7): 790-795 : Vol. 41 Issue. 7 (July 2021)

Y. Sattar1*, A. Fitri2, A. Nani3, M. Ramdiana4 and A. Syarifuddin5

1. Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Makassar – 90231, Indonesia
2. Universitas Bosowa, Department of Chemical Engineering, Makassar – 90231, Indonesia
3. Universitas Bosowa, Department of Environmental Engineering, Makassar – 90231, Indonesia
4. Universitas Muhammadiyah, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Pare-Pare – 91131, Indonesia
5. Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Department of Electrical Engineering, Makassar – 90231, Indonesia


Ambient total suspended particulate matter (TSP) and PM10 (that is particulate diameter less than 10mm in size) produced by human activities, such as motorized vehicle emissions and industries can affect ambient air quality. On the other hand, the Makassar City Power area as a sampling site which is now turning into a densely populated area due to the rapid development of residential areas and this fact enables more opportunities to many residents and disruption of human health because of the decreased ambient air quality especially due to the presence of particulate matter, while the concentration of TSP and PM10 is influenced by meteorological conditions. In this study, Pearson’s coefficient of correlation was applied to study the relationship between TSP, PM10 and meteorological variables, that is humidity, temperature, wind speed and rainfall. TSP and PM10 sampling was done using the high volume air sampler (HVAS) tool, for meteorological factors using the hygrometer, thermometer and using anemometer, while rainfall data was obtained from the Office of Meteorological and Geophysics area IV Makassar. This study concluded that the temperature was found as a significant factor compared with other factors that influence the concentration of TSP and PM10. Increased rainfall, humidity and wind speed have a negative correlation with the average concentration of TSP and PM10 in Daya, Makassar.


Air pollutants, Particulate matter, Meteorological parameters, Statistical analysis, Makassar


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