Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Low Carbon Cementitious Binders and Concrete Composites: Fresh and Hardened Properties

IJEP 42(13): 1564-1571 : Vol. 42 Issue. 13 (Conference 2022)

Anurag1, R. Kumar1*, S. Goyal2 and Sumedha2

1. CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee- 247 667, Uttarakhand, India
2. Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala- 147 004, Punjab, India


Smart problems require smart solutions. This concept is applicable in the construction field. As the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increases due to cement production, it becomes necessary to reduce the carbon footprint by replacing cement with other materials. Many industries are producing waste and dumping it on open land, thus creating pollution. So, a smart solution is to utilize that waste in construction fields. These wastes include fly ash (FA) from the thermal power plant, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) from the steel industry, low-grade limestone slurry from the cutting and polishing of stones, silica fume (SF) from the ferrosilicon industry and so on. These wastes are called supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) as they possess pozzolanic properties and are effective in partially replacing the cement. By using these SCMs, two solutions can be achieved: one is reducing harmful gases and the other is reducing land pollution. By incorporating SCMs into mortar or concrete, properties (fresh and hardened) can be enhanced. In this review, a study on the effect of a few SCMs on physical, chemical and mechanical properties has been done.


Silica fume, Supplementary cementitious materials


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