A GIS-based Route Optimization Approach for Municipal Solid Waste Management

IJEP 42(13): 1616-1623 : Vol. 42 Issue. 13 (Conference 2022)

P. Kumar1, S.P. Shukla2, S.N. Behera3* and R.M. Singh1

1. Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Department of Civil Engineering, Prayagraj – 211 004, Uttar Pradesh, India
2. Institute of Engineering and Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Lucknow- 226 021, Uttar Pradesh, India
3. Shiv Nadar University, Department of Civil Engineering, Greater Noida – 201 314, Uttar Pradesh, India


Municipal solid waste management systems are currently receiving a lot of focus from both economic and environmental planners due to their complexity in coordinating diverse management approaches. A large part of cost is incurred by the transportation, transfer and disposal of municipal solid waste. As a result, transportation activities consume 60-70% of the cost, which is the total expenditures made by city authorities on transportation, disposal and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW). Hence optimization of routing system, and management of collection, transport and displacement activities are essential parts of an effective MSW management system. Corporation bodies in Indian metropolitan cities face a number of challenges to maintain good management practices in dealing with the enormous solid waste generated throughout the cities. The study used optimization techniques built into the geographic information system (GIS) platform to suggest the best route from MSW generation to disposal sites. The study domain was chosen as Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh which demonstrates the typical urban agglomeration of the North Indian cities. ArcGIS network analyst extension was used to model the best routes for collecting MSW at Lucknow. The input parameters used in this operation were geographical location of current road pattern, location of waste collection points, proposed transport routes and locations of the transfer station. Apart from the 110 existing wards of six zones with various landuse patterns, a zone containing twelve locations for collection of MSW from ward to transfer station and nine locations from ward to ward was chosen as a test drive for the modelling purpose. All twenty-one locations from Lucknow Municipal Corporation (LMC) boundary were analyzed individually to determine optimal collection routes for managing the solid waste. As a result of this study, the haul distance was reduced by 36.21±12.55% for the selected network.


ArcGIS, Municipal solid waste, Haul distance, Route optimization, Disposal site


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