IJEP 42(5): 549-558 : Vol. 42 Issue. 5 (May 2022)
1. Birla Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Mesra, Ranchi – 835 215, Jharkhand, India
2. Birla Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mesra, Ranchi – 835 215, Jharkhand, India
3. Birla Institute of Technology, Department of Mathematics, Mesra, Ranchi – 835 215, Jharkhand, India
Air quality is a matter of prime concern nowadays. When the air gets contaminated or has exceeded the permissible concentration values of some constituents, it is termed air pollution. It may harm the ecological system as well as the natural conditions for the existence of humans. This situation has motivated scholars to conduct significant research work in this area. In such research, the prediction of air quality has been the focus. Prediction of air pollution provides a basis for taking effective precautionary pollution control measures. This article deals with the statistical techniques for the analysis and prediction of air pollution. For this, databases were searched for the relevant literature published during the decade. Studies were reviewed and the methodologies adopted were analysed by comparing their advantages and disadvantages. Non-linear techniques are better than linear techniques to predict air pollution. Among the technologies developed so far, multivariate linear regression analysis is the most common and widely used technique. Artificial neural networks (ANN), support vector machines (SVM) and hybrid models have shown the calibre for better prediction in future. It has been found that there is further scope to improve the accuracy of prediction. Thus, this area is quite open, unsaturated and promising and therefore, it is hoped that the present review will provide helpful guidelines for the forthcoming researchers in this domain.
Autoregressive integrated moving average, forecasting, kriging, multivariate linear regression analysis, air pollution
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