Analysis of the Chemical Alterations Induced in the Polyethylene Exposed to Chemical Surfactants

IJEP 42(5): 581-584 : Vol. 42 Issue. 5 (May 2022)

Shailja Singh1, Shiv Shankar2 and Shikha1*

1. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lucknow – 226 025, U.P., India
2. Gautam Buddha University, Department of Environmental Science, School of Vocational Studies and Applied Sciences, Greater Noida, Gautam Buddh Nagar – 201 312, U.P., India


Polyethylene has emerged as the most used plastic material around the globe. Main benefit of polyethylene being used widely is its durability and resistance to numerous chemicals. These properties of polyethylene have made it resistant to degradation leading to its accumulation in the environment, ultimately results in major environmental pollution. In order to deal with plastic pollution, researchers are engaged in finding eco-friendly ways to degrade plastic, like polyethylene. Commonly there are three types of methods for degrading polyethylene, like biological, chemical and physical methods. So, in the study presented here the chemical way of dealing with the low density polyethylene waste has been done. Basically three chemical surfactants sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and Tween 80 in different concentrations were used for the study. The results of energy dispersive X-ray, X- ray diffraction and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy revealed that SDS was found to be more effective in oxidizing polyethylene.


Polyethylene, Pollution, Degradation, Energy dispersive X-ray, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy


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