Study of Noise Pollution in National Highway-19, Mathura City

IJEP 42(6): 722-729 : Vol. 42 Issue. 6 (June 2022)

Shivam Srivastava and A. K. Mishra*

Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Gorakhpur – 273 010, Uttar Pradesh, India


This research paper studied the background noise level of Mathura region. Exposure to a high level of sound pollution may lead to stress on the auditory and nervous systems. Traffic on some state highways at many locations, presence of heavy electricity generators and development of commercial zones are the main source of sound pollution in Mathura city. The study was conducted in March 2021. The traffic noise along highway corridors on national highways (NH–19) passing near Mathura city was administered at 4 different zones (silence zone, residential zone, commercial zone and industrial zone) with 5 specific locations with background level meter (Bruel and Kjaer, SL-4030) to access the day and night sound levels in Mathura city. The traffic noise prediction was completed with the assistance of the Fed us points within Mathura city at different locations near the highway during day hours were 52.2 dB and 92.4 dB and in night hours were 36.3 dB and 85.6 dB. The extent of noise was found to tend to the prescribed noise standard level of CPCB. Thus, it shows that Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) model is often used for the predictions of traffic noise in India under its limitations of accuracy. Day by day the noise pollution levels cross the given standard limits everywhere on the earth, so this often have a greater health risk to the exposed population, therefore, control measures should be initiated and supported on priority basis. Additionally, this research paper reviews the study on noise monitoring and noise mapping directed in several countries by many scholars. It reveals that only 10% of data are focused on the residential, commercial and industrial areas and rest 90% of data used in noise monitoring studies are focused on traffic noise pollution.


Mathura city, Noise pollution, Sound level meter, Federal Highway Administration, Health hazard, Road traffic noise pollution


  1. Tandel, B. 2011. Urban corridor noise pollution: A case study of Surat city, India. International Conference on Environment and industrial innovation. Proceedings, 12:144-148.
  2. Chauhan, A. 2010. Assessment of noise level in different zones of Haridwar city, Uttarakhand. Res., 2(7):56-59.
  3. Dooling, R.J. and K.N. Propper. 2007. The effects of highway noise on birds. J. Human Ecol., 16 (3): 181-187.
  4. Theakston, F. 2011. Burden of disease from environmental noise. WHO Regional office of Europe.
  5. Mathura City Guide. 2005. A Times of India Publication, New Delhi. pp 8-10.
  6. Wani, K.A. and Y.K. Jaiswal. 2010. Assessment of noise pollution in Gwalior, M.P., India. Adv. Biores., 1(1):54-60.
  7. Kisku, G.C., et al. 2006. Profile of noise pollution in Lucknow city and its impact on environment. J. Env. Biol., 27(2):409-412.
  8. Goines, L. and L. Hagler. 2007. Noise pollutions: A modern plague. Southern Medical J., 100(3):287-294.
  9. Mangalekar, S.B. 2012. Study of noise in Kolhapur city, Maharashtra, India. Universal J. Env. Sci. Tech., 2(1):65-69.
  10. Lane, I. 2009. Noise pollution. Case Western Reserve University.
  11. Agarwal, S. and B.L. Swami. 2010. Status of ambient noise levels in Jaipur city. Env. Conser. J., 11(1): 105-108.
  12. Senate Public Works Committee. Noise Pollution and Abatement Act of 1972. S. Rep. No. 1160.92 Congress (2nd session).
  13. Hogan, C.M. and G.L. Latshow. 1973. The relationship between highway planning and urban noise. ASCE Urban Transportation Division environment impact speciality conference. American Society of Civil Engineers, Urban Transportation Division, Chicago, Illinois.
  14. Menkiti, N.U. and J.C. Agunwamba. 2015. Assessment of noise pollution from electricity generators in a high-density residential area. African J. Sci. Tech. Innovation Develop., 7(4):306-312. DOI: 10-1080/20421338. 2015.1082370.
  15. Casey, J.A., et al. 2017. Race/ethnicity, socio-economic status, residual segregation and spatial variation in noise exposure in the contiguous United States. Env. Health Perspect., 125(7):077017.
  16. Hoffmann, B., et al. 2006. Residence close to high traffic and prevalence of coronary heart disease. European Heart. J., 27(12):2696-2702. DOI: 10. 1093/eurheartj/ehl278.
  17. FHA. 2017. Noise effects on wildlife. Office of Planning, Environment, and Realty (HEP), Federal Highway Administrator. Available at: /wild00.cfm.