IJEP 42(7): 771-781 : Vol. 42 Issue. 7 (July 2022)
1. Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Bioinformatics, Chennai – 600 119, Tamil Nadu, India
2. Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, Chennai – 600 119, Tamil Nadu, India
Dyes and heavy metals are major toxicants found in industrial wastewater that hampers the free release of this water into water bodies. Conventional methods for removal of such pollutants from wastewater are costly and involve harsh conditions which, therefore, urges cheap methods to treat such effluent. Phytoremediation is a ‘green’ alternative for cleaning up the environment through the use of plants and plant based waste instead of mechanical removal and treatment. The objective of the present work involves the study of the removal of dye by jackfruit leaves, pineapple crown leaves and spent tea; these materials are low-cost, abundantly available, highly efficient and eco-friendly. The plant material used as adsorbent was characterized for its physico-chemical properties and surface morphology. Of the substrates used for the removal process, Ananas comosus crown leaves and Artocarpus heteropyllus leaves were found to be efficient by showing removal of 90% of the azo dye acid blue 113 compared to that of spent tea leaves. A combination of all the three substrates yielded a better removal efficiency of 99% thereby suggesting the potential of these substrates in the treatment of pollutants from the industries.
Jackfruit, Ananas comosus, acid blue 113, phytoremediation
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