Recent Developments of Effective Sorbents Materials for Oil Spill Cleanup: A Review

IJEP 42(7): 782-791 : Vol. 42 Issue. 7 (July 2022)

Binapani Pradhan1, Madhumita Das2* and Chinmay Pradhan1

1. Utkal University, Department of Environmental Science, Bhubaneswar-751 004, Odisha, India
2. Fakir Mohan University, Balasore-756 001, Odisha, India


Oil spill in the offshore sea has been proved to be catastrophic to the marine ecology. Various cleanup methods have been proposed and tested using different methods and materials. This paper intends to discuss the recent developments related to sorbents, which play a critical role in the remediation of the oil spill. The synthesis of these materials is highlighted and the potential absorbing properties are discussed here. Some porous sorbent materials have been found with excellent absorption capacity to remove the oil from water. This study could guide further development in sorption efficiency research and applying those materials for oil spill cleanup. The modified carbon nanotube, graphene, magnetic nanoparticles and melamine sponge have carried good sorption capacity and the modification methods are capable of enhancing the hydrophobicity of these sorbents. So, an attempt was made to understand the potential oil-absorbing sorbents material and their efficiency to combat the oil spill scenarios. The cost-effective sorbent materials with eco-friendly and good recycling options would be more acceptable for future study.


Oil spill, Sorbents, Carbon nanotube, Sorption capacity


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