IJEP 42(8): 920-927 : Vol. 42 Issue. 8 (August 2022)
University of Agriculture, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Faisalabad, Punjab – 38000, Pakistan
Air pollution is a global problem. It adversely affects the quality of soil, plants and water. Air pollution on the side of the road is damaging air quality on a regular basis. Previous studies and daily reports from the Ministry of Environment show that there is an increase in particle filtration in Pakistani air. To quantify the focus of specific issues this study was conducted on Jhang road, Faisalabad. Samples of dust, plants and water were collected along the road and in-depth analysis of selected heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Ni and Pb) was done. Pollution data near selected sites and the effect of selected air pollution on the body parameters of the selected plant were recorded. The concentrations of Cu (1.95 mg/kg), Pb (0.858 mg/kg) and Cd (0.735 mg/kg) in maize crops were the highest in the Babu Wala area of Jhang road and Ni concentration was the highest (4.525 mg/kg) in the Said Abad site. The concentrations of Cu and Cd in the dust collected from Babu Wala were 2.14 and 0.80 mg/kg, respectively. The concentration of Ni was the highest (2.32 mg/kg) in the Risala Wala area and the concentration of Pb (0.98 mg/kg) was the highest at the Said Abad site. In the Risala Wala area, Cu and Cd concentration in irrigation water was 0.15 and 0.11 mg/L, respectively. However, the Ni and Pb concentrations in irrigation water were found higher than the others in Liaqat Abad area. The concentration of heavy metals was more in samples collected nearby the roads and was less in samples as the distance increased from roadside.
Heavy metals, Dust, Wastewater, Spatial distribution, Soil quality, Air pollution
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