Optimizing Biomass Harvesting in Sustainable Manner

IJEP 42(9): 1080-1087 : Vol. 42 Issue. 9 (September 2022)

Gulshan Sharma and Era Upadhyay*

Amity University Rajasthan, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur- 303 002, Rajasthan, India


The energy demand and change in climate have dramatically increased and created interest in alternative energies. The electricity and transportation fuel produced from biomass has potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and strengthen economy. Biogas is found to be major environmentally sound option that can be produced by livestock waste. The present study has been conducted to optimize the significant role of biomass materials in the development and utilization of bio-energy technologies in the context of climate change and greenhouse gas mitigation. We explored the opportunities related to biogas production in some villages of Haryana. Survey-based research was carried out to assess the popularity, benefits, problems and financial assistance associated. Analysis disclosed that majority of the biogas plants built were found to be functioning satisfactorily and providing energy. Although, certain challenges regarding reduced efficiency amid winter, insufficient feedstock and absence of skilled manpower were noted by the users which require to be rectified consistently for biogas generation. In order to devote India’s overall improvement, the rural zone of the country should be given proper attention.


Bioenergy, Biogas plant, Sustainable management, Climate change, Rural areas


  1. Kothari, R., V.V. Tyagi and A. Pathak. 2010. Waste-to-energy: A way from renewable energy sources to sustainable development. Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews. 14(9):3164-3170.
  2. Suhag, M. and A. Sisodia. 2016. Study regarding domestic biogas plants in selected villages of Kurukshetra, Haryana, India. Benefits. 6(5):22-25.
  3. Shahzad, U. 2012. The need for renewable energy sources. Energy. 2: 16-18.
  4. Maghanaki, M., et al. 2013. Potential of biogas production in Iran. Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews. 28:702-714.
  5. Singh, B., et al. 2020. Decentralized biomass for biogas production:Evaluation and potential assessment in Punjab (India). Energy Reports. 6: 1702-1714.
  6. Lee, S.Y., et al. 2019. Waste to bioenergy: A review on the recent conversion technologies. BMC Energy. 1(1): 1-22.
  7. Loelovich, M. 2015. Recent findings and the energetic potential of plant biomass as a renewable source of biofuels- A review. Bioresour., 10(1): 1879-1914.
  8. Mansora, A.M., et al. 2019. Characteristics of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin of MD2pineapple biomass. Chem. Eng., 72: 79-84.
  9. Mittal, S., E.O. Ahlgren and P.R. Shukla. 2018. Barriers to biogas dissemination in India: A review. Energy Policy. 112: 361-370.
  10. Nguyen, D., et al. 2015. Automatic process control in anaerobic digestion technology: A critical review. Bioresour. Tech., 193: 513-522.
  11. Janowiak, M.K. and C.R. Webster. 2010. Promoting ecological sustainability in woody biomass harvesting. J. Forestry. 108(1): 16-23.
  12. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. Programme/scheme-wise cumulative physical progress. Available at: https://mnre.gov.in/the-ministry/physical-progress.
  13. MNRE. 2021. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  14. Energy Statistics. 2019. (26th issue). Available at: https://www.irena.org/publications/2019/Jul/Renewable-energy-statistics-2019.
  15. Dey, B., B. Roy and N. Kumar. 2019. The status and impact of national biogas and manure management programme at Aizawl in north-east India. ICTEA: International Conference on Thermal Engineering.
  16. Bhatia, R.K., et al. 2020. Conversion of waste biomass into gaseous fuel: Present status and challenges in India. Bio. Energy Res., 13: 1046-1068.
  17. Nevzorova, T. and V. Kutcherov. 2019. Barriers to the wider implementation of biogas as a source of energy: A state of the art review. Energy Strategy Review. 26: 100414.
  18. Shafy, A., I. Hussein and M.S.M. Mansour. 2018. Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling and valourization. Egyptian J. Petroleum. 27(4): 1275-1290.
  19. Foster, W., et al. 2021. Waste to energy conversion technologies in the UK: Processes and barriers- A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews. 135: 110226.