Sustainable Development Through Smart Cities: Issues and Challenges

IJEP 42(9): 1108-1115 : Vol. 42 Issue. 9 (September 2022)

Kush Kalra1*, Pradeep Kulshrestha2 and Bhanu Tanwar1

1. University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (UPES), School of Law, Dehradun – 248 007, Uttarakhand, India
2. Sharda University, Greater Noida – 201 310, Uttar Pradesh, India


Smart city is about incorporating ‘smart thinking’ in the city’s urban design and planning with a focus on people place and planet. Cities around the world have taken a conscious effort in adopting smart city concepts and strategies to shape better cities for our environment. However, smart and sustainable city concepts need to be viewed together by integrating good planning and design into their physical and social fabric with a focus on people, place and planet alongwith information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve the quality of life of the city and its people. Through technology, cities can function more efficiently and adapt to their new environments better by utilising real-time data monitoring, assessment and sharing as information is received and can optimise decision-making to better understand and improve the status quo and quality of city life. A smart and sustainable city should be discussed together and should focus on encompassing three core values—people, place and planet while highlighting planning and design with ‘smart thinking’ as the central themes of developing smart and sustainable cities. This article will explore how smart and sustainable environment is achieved when applying ‘smart thinking’ to the city’s development with various cities as a case study of the principles.


Sustainable city, Smart environment, Green building, Pollution, Water management, Energy efficiency


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