Solid Waste Management Practice and its Hazardous Effects on Occupational Health of University Level Faculty Members : A Systematic Review

IJEP 43(4): 346-355 : Vol. 43 Issue. 4 (April 2023)

Lalbabu Lal Karn1, Narissara Nuthammachot1*, Kuaanan Techato1, Saroj Gyawali2 and Binod Baniya3

1. Prince of Songkla University, Faculty of Environmental Management, Hatyai, Songkhla – 90110, Thailand
2. Sustainable Study and Research Institute, Kathmandu-16, Nepal
3. Tribhuvan University, Faculty of Environmental Science, Kirtipur – 44618, Nepal


Unmanaged solid waste in educational institutions is becoming a serious issue. Most educational institutions from developing countries rely upon the government for the management of their waste, that is they collect the waste within their premises and dump it into the municipal waste disposal truck or vehicle. Concern remains about whether the disposed of waste has been segregated or not. This exists either due to a lack of awareness of waste management practices or due to the attitude of the university’s members including students, faculty, administrators and staff. The study design and health hazard of papers retrieved in this comprehensive literature search were analyzed. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used to review and select 16 published publications for this study. Out of 16 studies, five of them were related to the health effects due to improper solid waste management practices. The evidence depicted that improper management of solid waste management at university impacts the health of faculty members. However, causal or non-causal relationships are not depicted in this study. This review concludes that unmanaged solid waste can impact the health status of faculty members.


Faculties members, Hazardous effect, Management, Occupational health, Solid waste


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