Analysis of Operating Parameters of Diesel Engine using CuO Nanoparticle Blended with Peanut Biodiesel by Taguchi Method

IJEP 43(6): 504-511 : Vol. 43 Issue. 6 (June 2023)

M. Vichitra1, D. Ajith Kumar2, M. S. Alphin3 and M. Sunil Kumar3*

1. Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Kalavakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 603 110, India
2. Jeppiaar Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sriperumbuddur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 631 604, India
3. Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalavakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 603 110, India


L16 array approach of Taguchi method was used to explain the effects of performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine with CuO nanoparticle doped with peanut biodiesel under various engine factors. 20% of peanut oil biodiesel blend was taken as constant for analysis. The effects of CuO nanoparticle was analyzed by L16 array of different parameters, such as engine condition of load (25%, 50%, 75% and 100%), CuO nanoparticle (0 ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm and 75 ppm), ignition pressure (180 bar, 200 bar, 220 bar and 240 bar) and ignition timings (210bTDC, 230bTDC, 250bTDC and 270bTDC). From results of L16 Taguchi array, best parametric operating conditions were optimized. It was concluded that the addition of CuO nanoparticles exhibits better operating and emission characteristics than without the addition of CuO nanoparticles due to reduced ignition delay with sufficient oxygen supply from CuO nanoparticles.


CuO nanoparticle, Taguchi method, Diesel engine, Peanut biodiesel, Performance and emission characteristics


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