Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality and Metal Contamination of Groundwater : Case Study of Hapur, U.P., India

IJEP 43(6): 561-570 : Vol. 43 Issue. 6 (June 2023)

Kavita Singh1, Sangeeta Agarwal1*, Gazala Praveen1, Charu Sharma2 and Sohan Pal Singh3

1. S.S.V. (P.G.) College, Department of Chemistry, Hapur, Uttar Pradesh – 245 101 , India
2. K.D. College ,Department of Chemistry, Simbhaoli, Uttar Pradesh – 245 207, India
3. Government Inter College, Department of Chemistry, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh – 251 001, India


The objective of the present work is to establish levels of various metals Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg1, Hg2, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Sr, Cu and Fe concentrations and the physico-chemical parameters in drinking water samples obtained from five different sites in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Analysis of metals has been carried out by using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) technique. The results were compared with the standard values prescribed by WHO and BIS. The obtained results were subjected to a correlation matrix. Electrical conductivity (EC), pH and total hardness (TH) were found to exceed the permissible limit of WHO. It is conclusive from the pH values that the groundwater of the study area was alkaline in nature. Metals, like K, Fe, Ni, Mn, Hg and Sb have been found to exceed the WHO limit in most of the samples, which reveals that drinking water is contaminated with heavy metals in many stations, prone to chemical threats for inhabitants and serious health issues to human beings. Therefore, effective water treatment for safe drinking water for the community of Hapur is highly recommended.


Contamination, Correlation matrix, Drinking water, Heavy metals, Spectroscopy


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