Study of Physico-chemical Characteristics of Borewell Water in and around Samayapuram Locality of Tiruchirappalli District

IJEP 43(7): 668-672 : Vol. 43 Issue. 7 (July 2023)

R. Santhi1, S. Ahalya1, B. Rajeswari2 and P. Kowsalya1

1. Seethalakshmi Ramaswami College (Autonomous), Department of Chemistry, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu – 620 002, India
2. K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering (Autonomous), Department of Chemistry, Samayapuram, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu – 621 112, India


Water is the most important renewable natural resource and is highly essential for the life of the entire humanity. The primary wealth of a nation is water. The surface and groundwater resources are steadily declining in recent years because of rapid increase in population, industrial growth, pollution by various human and agricultural activities and unexpected climate change. Most people depend on unsafe water sources for their daily needs. Therefore, serious and immediate attention to all water resources should be provided through periodical checkups of water quality. In the present study, samples were collected from eight different borewells in and around Samayapuram locality of Tiruchirappalli district. The quality of borewell water was assessed by the determination of various physical and chemical parameters, such as electrical conductivity, temperature, colour, odour and taste, turbidity, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, pH, alkalinity, total hardness, calcium, carbonate, bicarbonate, sodium, magnesium, potassium, sulphate, chloride, fluoride, nitrate contents. A comparison of the results was done with three different water quality standards, namely ISI, WHO and CPHEEO. The estimated values have been reported and discussed separately for all the samples. All water samples were found to be good for domestic and irrigation purposes. These samples were within permissible limits for physical and chemical parameters except the samples from the areas of Nadu Irungalur, Devimangalam and Etchampatti. There was a slight deviation in hardness value from permissible limit for those samples. To maintain the quality and purity of the groundwater, awareness among the people is needed and present study will be useful in improving the quality of borewell water. From the present investigation, it can be concluded that borewell samples of most of the areas under study can be used for agriculture and domestic purposes.


Borewell, Pollution, Water quality, Physico-chemical Parameters, Domestic


  1. Dara, S.S. 1993. Environmental chemistry and pollution control. S. Chand and Company, Ltd.
  2. Santhi, R., et al. 2004. Assay on water samples from medical college area Thanjavur. Indian J. Env. Prot., 24(12):925-930.
  3. Santhi, R., et al. 2006. Study on quality of water samples from 9A Nathampannai panchayat in Pudukottai district. Indian J. Env. Prot., 26(2):141-144.
  4. Santhi, R., et al. 2008. Studies of quality of water from Pulivalam village near Tiruchirappalli. Indian J. Env. Prot., 28(6):557-560.
  5. Lalitha, S., et al. 2008. Hydrochemcial studies on water from Senthaneepuram, Tiruchirappalli. Indian J. Env. Prot., 28(6):518-520.
  6. Rao, S.V.L. 2002. Correlations among the chemical constituents of ground waters of Venkatagiri, Nellore. Indian J. Env. Prot., 22(2): 170-172.
  7. Shyamala, R., et al. 2008. Physico-chemical analysis of borewell water samples of Telungupalayam area in Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, India. E. J. Chem., 5(4):924-929.
  8. Venkatesan, G., et al. 2013. Water quality assessment in Tiruchirappalli, India. Asian J. Water. Env. Poll. India. 10(4):33-42.
  9. Soni, N. and A. Bhatia. 2015. Analysis of quality water of private borewell and piped water supply in Jaipur city, Rajasthan, India. Res. J. Recent Sci., 4(ISC-4):313-316.
  10. Dunca, A.M. 2018. Water pollution and water quality assessment of major transboundary rivers from Banat (Romania). J. Chem., 10: 1155.
  11. Francis, D.J. and A.K. Das. 2019. Water-related technology research in India: Insights from four core journals. J. Scientometric Res., 8(1): 38-46.