IJEP 43(9): 799-806 : Vol. 43 Issue. 9 (September 2023)
1. Sri Sarada College for Women (Autonomous), Salem – 636 016, Tamil Nadu, India
2. Bharathidasan University, Department of Commerce and Financial Studies, Tiruchirappalli – 620 024, Tamil Nadu, India
3. Bharathidasan University, Bharathidasan School of Management, Tiruchirappalli – 620 024, Tamil Nadu, India
There has been a raising concern about the steep increase in noise pollution in urban areas, caused by motor vehicles, construction, commercial activities, hotels and restaurants and use of loudspeakers at festivals and processions. Noise is a byproduct of human activities and most widespread source of noise pollution is transport. The noise from road traffic far exceeds that of railways, aircraft and industry sources. Multiplying motor vehicles population in urban areas leads to not only congestion on roads, but also excessive emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2); it has become a major source of noise pollution. The specific health effects of noise pollution include sleep disturbances, cognitive impairment in children and negative effects on the cardiovascular and metabolic systems. The present study attempted to compare levels of noise and air pollution in major cities of India, namely Hyderabad, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkatta, Bengaluru, Mumbai and Lucknow over a period of 11 years from 2011 to 2021. The study is based on secondary data published by the Central Pollution Control Board of India (CPCB) under National Ambient Noise Monitoring Network. The noise pollution has been compared among three zones, such as commercial, industrial and residential zones with permissible limits. It also compared the levels of noise pollution with the number of automobiles registered.
Air pollution, Vehicular emissions, Nitrogen dioxide, Sulphur dioxide, Particulate matter
- King, E.A. 2016. A combined assessment of air and noise pollution on the high line, New York city. Transport. Res. Part D Transport Env., 14 :91-103.
- Obsorne, M.T., et al. 2022. The combined effect of air and transportation noise pollution on atherosclerotic inflammation and risk of cardiovascular disease events. J. Nucl. Cardio., 30(2):665-679. DOI: 10.1007/s12350-022-03003-7.
- Banerjee, D., et al. 2008. Evaluation and analysis of road traffic noise in Asansol: An industrial town of Eastern India. Int. J. Env. Res. Public Health. 5 (3): 165–171.
- Barik, K. 2016. Road rationing and economic gains: An assessment of Delhi’s odd-even formula. Eco. Political Weekly. 51(1).
- Batty, G.D., I.J. Deary and L.S. Gottfredson. 2007. Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: Systematic review. Annals epidemiol., 17:278-288.
- Bortolato, B., et al. 2015. Cognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: a systematic review of meta-analyses. Neuropsychiatric disease treatment.11:3111-3125.
- Bukodi, E., R. Erikson and J.H. Goldthorpe. 2014. The effects of social origins and cognitive ability on educational attainment: Evidence from Britain and Sweden. Acta Sociol., 57: 293-310.
- Clark, C. and K. Paunovic. 2018. WHO environmental noise guidelines for the European region: A systematic review on environmental noise and cognition. Int. J. Env. Res. Public Health.15(2): 285. DOI:10.3390/ijerph15020285.
- Rohit, B. R. and K. Parashar. 2020. Noisier nights across Bengaluru and we may well pay a steep price. The Times of India.
- Behl, M. 2019. SO2emission, TN worst in India, Chennai no. 29 in world. The Times of India.
- Chaitanya, K. 2020. Loud and clear: Chennai tops list of noisiest metro cities. The New India Express.
- Verma, S. 2020. Noise pollution violations: New fines proposed by CPCB step in right direction. Down to Earth.
- DTE. 2017. Health: Not just air, level of noise pollution in Delhi is also deadly: Study. Down to Earth.
- EEA. 2020. Environmental noise in Europe 2020. Environmental noise report no 22/2019. European Environment Agency.