Air Pollution Induced Biochemical Changes in Selected Plant Species Growing on Fergusson and Jangali Maharaj Road of Pune

IJEP 44(2): 112-119 : Vol. 44 Issue. 2 (February 2024)

Ashish Vilas Mane1*, Manesh Maruti Dhamale2, Pramod N. Kamble3, Girish Rajaram Pathade4 and Kartik Kailaskumar Adake5

1. Fergusson College (Autonomous), Department of Environmental Science, Pune – 411 004, Maharashtra, India
2. Senior EHS and Sustainability Professional, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3. Central University of Rajasthan, Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth Science, Ajmer – 305 817, India
4. Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth (Deemed To Be University), Krishna Institute of Allied Sciences, Karad – 415 539, Maharashtra, India
5. Fergusson College (Autonomous), Department of Zoology, Pune – 411 004, Maharashtra, India


In the present study, an effort has been made to find the effect of air pollution and roadside dust on some biochemical parameters from the selected ten tree species and to judge these parameters as markers for plant impairment. The study area of the present investigation comprised two representative roads located in the heart of Pune, namely Fergusson College road and Jangali Maharaj road. The lowest decrease in polyphenoel content was observed in Delonix regia (69.47%), while its content was observed to increase considerably in Polyalthia longifolia (85.06%), growing in the polluted area. The soluble sugar content of the leaves increased considerably in all the tree species. The lowest proline content was observed in Ficus religiosa (41.09%), while it increased considerably in Albizia saman (251.64%), growing in the polluted area. The higher zinc content from the dust was observed at the Garaware circle. Lead and nickel showed higher values in the dust. Results revealed that air pollution is damaging the roadside trees.


Air pollution, Biochemical parameters, Lead, nickel, Photosynthetic pigments, Soluble sugars, Zinc


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