Heavy Metal Uptake By Wheat And Mustard Crops Grown in Surrounding Of A Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plant, Bathinda (Punjab)

IJEP 41(1): 86-93 : Vol. 41 Issue. 1 (January 2021)

Savita Verma and Anju*

Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Department of Energy and Environmental Sciences, Sirsa – 125 055, Haryana, India


Plants show natural ability to absorb and accumulate trace metals from soil. The aim of the present research paper is to study the accumulation and distribution pattern of some heavy metals, namely Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn in different parts (root, stem, leaf and seed) of wheat and mustard crops, grown in fields around Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Power Plant Bathinda, Punjab. For this purpose, the bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF) of metals between the different plant parts of both the crops and the soils were studied. Findings of the present study indicate that all the studied metals have primarily accumulated in roots of both the crops. In both crops, the concentrations of all the studied heavy metals in plant tissues were diminishing from the root to the aerial parts. The levels of all the trace elements were higher in the mustard crop than the wheat crop. The concentrations of all the metals in both crops were within safe limits of Indian standards for plants.


Wheat, Mustard, Heavy metal, Bioconcentration factor, Translocation factor


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