IJEP 41(3): 293-297 : Vol. 41 Issue. 3 (March 2021)
Karpagam Academy of Higher Education, Department of Civil Engineering, Coimbatore – 641 021, India
Rapid growth in the Indian population leads a requirement of enhancement of food technology which makes a huge impact on the field of irrigation. In this study, irrigation water distribution from the Parambikulam Aliyar Project (PAP), Tamil Nadu which was accompanied by the Thirumoorthi reservoir and it covers four-zone patterns of 377152 acres was studied. Present canal network consists of main and branch canals, distributaries, water coarse and field channels. Loss of water is about 24-45% was observed on the irrigation even though the canal lining is provided to improve the water carrying efficiency. In order to enhance the irrigation efficiency and further extending the area of irrigated land, implementation of micro-irrigation with automation techniques was adopted in the Parambikulam Aliyar project. Automated systems reduce the requirement of manpower and increase the application efficiency by applying the water directly on or below the soil surface near the root zone of the plant. The implementation of smart irrigations aids in reducing the theft and improper use of water and provides a centralized control valve in the system. It was concluded that the overall water use efficiency in a micro-irrigation system is about 85-93% which greatly reduces the amount of water loss.
Micro-irrigation, Automated irrigation technique, Irrigation, Parambikulam Aliyar project
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