IJEP 41(5): 522-527 : Vol. 41 Issue. 5 (May 2021)
1. G. Pulla Reddy Engineering College (Autonomous), Department of Humanities and Basic Sciences, Kurnool -518 007, Andhra Pradesh, India
2. G. Pulla Reddy Engineering College (Autonomous), Department of Civil Engineering, Kurnool – 518 007, Andhra Pradesh, India
The speed breakers are laid across the road to control the speed of the vehicle thereby reducing the number of accidents. Unscientific and improper speed humps result in additional fuel consumption for the vehicle and causing inconvenience to the vehicle rider. In the present study three road stretches in Kurnool city in Andhra Pradesh state is selected where there is maximum vehicular traffic and has more number of speed breakers. The width and elevation of the speed breakers are analysed and the velocity of the vehicles, before and after crossing the speed breakers are studied. From the loss in kinetic energy of the vehicle, the additional fuel consumption issues are calculated. The health aspect of the vehicle rider and the possibilities of injuries is also discussed. The results show that all the speed breakers are deviating from the standard specifications and there is wastage of a huge amount of fuel every day. Due to unscientific and improper speed humps, there is an increase in spine and neck injuries for the vehicle rider in crossing these speed humps. The objective of the present investigation is to study the dimensions of the speed breakers in the city limits and the impact of unscientific speed breakers in terms of additional fuel consumption. In this study, the health aspect of the vehicle rider has been discussed and viable solutions have been proposed.
Speed-breakers, kinetic energy, traffic volume, wastage of fuel
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