IJEP 41(7): 723-735 : Vol. 41 Issue. 7 (July 2021)
Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University, Laboratory of Structure, Elaboration and Application of Molecular Materials (SEAMM), Faculty of Science and Technology, Mostaganem, Algeria
Presenting expensive disposal problems during extraction of its essential oil, Pistacia lentiscus leaf was chosen in this investigation as a biosorbent for Rhodamine B and Pb2+ ions removal from simulated solution. Chemical and physico-chemical methods, such as FTIR analyses, minimum expenditure basket (MEB), mesoporous and microporous available areas and zero point charge (pHzpc) were performed to characterize the biosorbent prior to its utilization. Effect of conventional parameters on biosorption of both pollutants, such as equilibrium time, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature were studied. Well known adsorption isotherms, namely Langmuir, Freundlich and Tempkin were used for adsorption equilibrium data analysis in their linear and non-linear forms. The rate of adsorption was encouraging for P. lentiscus waste used as such. Linearized and non-linearized Freundlich-biosorption models are more representative for the experimental data predicting heterogeneous surface coverage of the adsorbents. Magnitudes of RL and n depict the favourability biosorption processes. Biosorption mechanism found to obey pseudo-second-order kinetic model and indicates that the sorption process is controlled by intra-particle diffusion. Thermodynamic analysis of the adsorption processes of both pollutants confirms their spontaneity and exothermicity. Compared to other biosorbents, Pistacia lentiscus leaves as a bio-renewable and affordable biomaterial can be efficiently used in removing organic and inorganic pollutants from industrial effluents.
Biosorption, Pistacia lentiscus, Isotherm models, Thermodynamics
- Krishna, I.V.M. and V. Manickam. 2017. Environmental management- science and engineering for industry (1st edn). Butterworth-Heinemann.
- Saifullahi, I. and F.B. Halimah. 2020. A short review on the removal of Rhodamine B dye using agricultural waste-based adsorbents. Asian J. Chem. Sci., 7(1):25-37.
- Rodriquez-Ramos, F.J. and E.R. Tonic. 2011. Use of Rhodamine B as a biomarker for oral plague vaccination of Prairie dogs. J. Wildlife Diseases. 47(3):765-768.
- Bashir, W.B., et al. 2014. Application of solutions of Rhodamine B in dosimetry. Appl. Radiation Isotopes. 89:13-17.
- Nestmann, E.R., et al. 1979. Mutagenic activity of Rhodamine dyes and their impurities as detected by mutation induction in Salmonella and DNA damage in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Cancer Res., 39(11):4412-4417.
- Sigma-Aldrich. 2015. Rhodamine B (Material Safety Data Sheet) Version 5. 4. Available at: http://www. sigmaaldrich.com/MSDS/Display MSDSPage.do? country=BN & language=en & product Number = R4127& brand = SIGMA & Page. To Go To URL=http%3A%2F%2F www.sigma aldrich. com%2F catalog%2F product%2F sigma%2Fr 4127%3Flang%30en1.
- Wani, A., A.R.A. Anjum and A.J. Usmani. 2015. Lead toxicity : A review. Interdiscip. Toxicol., 8(2): 55-64.
- ATSDR. 2012. Case studies in environmental medicine-Lead (Pb) toxicity. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
- Gagan, F., D. Gupta and A. Tiwari. 2012. Toxicity of lead : A review with recent updates. Interdiscip. Toxicol., 5(2): 47-58.
- Grant, L.D. 2020. Lead and compounds. In environmental toxicants : Human exposures and their health effects (4th edn). Ed M. Lippmann and G.D. Leikauf. John Wiley & Sons Inc.
- Street, A. and W.O. Alexander. 1998. Metals in the serivce of man (11th edn). Penguin, UK.
- Rui, Z., et al. 2015. Source of lead pollution, its influence on public health and the counter measures. Int. J. Health. Animal Sci. Food Safety. 2: 18-31.
- Bakala’r, T., M. Bugel and L. Gajosova. 2009. Heavy metal removal using reverse osmosis. Acta Montanistica Slovaca. 14(3):250-253.
- Yossor, R.A. and H.A. Ahmed. 2016. Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater by using RO membrane. Iraqi J. Chem. Petroleum Eng., 17(4): 125-136.
- Gaikwad, R.W., V.S. Sapkal and R.S. Sapkal. 2010. Ion exchange system design for removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage wastewater. Acta Montanistica Slovaca Rocknik. 4: 298-304.
- Benderdouche, N., et al. 2003. Enhancement of the adsorptive properties of a desert Salsola vermiculata species. Adsorption Sci. Tech., 21(8).
- Azimi, A., et al. 2017. Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewaters : A review. Chem. Bio. Eng. Rev., 4(1): 1-24.
- Fomina, M. and G.M. Gadd. 2014. Biosorption : Current perspectives on concepts, definition and application. Bioresour. Tech., 160:3-14.
- Arshid, B., et al. 2019. Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous system by ion-exchange and bisorption methods. Env. Chem. Letters. 17: 729-754.
- Michalak, J., K. Chojnacka and W. Krowiak. 2013. A state of the art for the biosorpton process – A review. Appl. Biochem. Biotech.,170 (6): 1389-1416.
- Agarwal, R. and M.K. Singh. 2017. Heavy metal removal from wastewater using various adsor-bents : A review. J. Water Reuse Desal., 7(4): 387-419.
- Ouldmoumna, A., et al. 2013. Characterization and application of three novel biosorbents ‘Eucalyptus globulu, Cynara cardunculus and Prunus cerasefera’ to dye removal. Desal. Water Treatment. 51: 3527-3538.
- De Frietas, G.R., M.G.C. de Silva and M.G.A. Vieira. 2019. Biosorption technology for removal of toxic metals : A review of commercial biosor-bents and patents. Env. Sci. Poll. Res. Int., 26(19): 19097-19118.
- Guiyin, W., et al. 2018. Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solutions by Phytolacca americana L. biomass as a low cost biosorbant. Arabian J. Chem., 11: 99-110.
- Farnane, M., et al. 2018. New sustainable biosorbent based on recycled deoiled carob seeds : Optimization of heavy metals remediation. J. Chem. DOI:10.1155/2018/574 8493.
- Haouli, A., et al. 2015. Contribution to the analysis of Pistacia lentiscus extracted oil. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Env. Sci., 15(6): 1075-1081.
- Tingshuang, Y., et al. 2008. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution of Pistacia (Anacardiaceae). American J. Botany. 95(2):241-251.
- Benyoussef, E.H., et al. 2005. Essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from Algeria. J. Essential oil Res., 17: 642-644.
- Bampouli, A., et al. 2014. Comparison of different extraction methods of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia leaves : Yield, antioxidant activity and essential oil chemical composition. J. Appl. Res. Medicinal Aromatic Plants. 1(3): 81-91.
- Attoub, S., et al. 2014. Short-term effects of oral administration of Pistacia lentiscus oil on tissue-specific toxicity and drug metabolizing enzymes on mice. Cell Physical. Biochem., 33(5): 1400-1410.
- Haloui, T., et al. 2015. The use of Pistacia lentiscus L. oil as green inhibitor for corrosion of mild steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid solution : Thermodynamic and adsorption. Der Pharma Chemica. 7(9): 225-238.
- Dahmoune, F., et al. 2014. Pistacia lentiscus leaves as a source of phenolic compounds : Microwave-assisted extraction optimized and compared with ultrasound assisted and conventional solvent extraction. Ind. Crops Products. 61: 31-40.
- Cherbal, A., et al. 2012. Extraction and valou-rization of phenolic compounds of leaves of Algerian Pistacia lentiscus. Asian J. Plant Sci., 11:131-136.
- Cheurfa, M. and R. Allem. 2015. Study of hypo-cholesteroliemic activity of Algerian Pistacia lentiscus leaves extracts in vivo. rev. Bras. Farmacogn., 25(2).
- Haloui, T., et al. 2015. Effect of harvesting period and dying time on the essential oil yield of Pistacia lentiscus L. leaves. Der Pharma Chemica. 7(10): 320-324.
- Bestani, B., et al. 2008. Adsorption of methylene blue and iodine from aqueous solutions by a desert Salsola vermiculta species. Bioresour., 99(17): 8441-8444.
- D 4607-94. 2006. Standard test method for determination of iodine number of activated carbon. ASTM International, U.S.
- Kaewprasit, C., et al. 1998. Application of methylene blue adsorption to cotton fiber specific surface area measurement: Part I. methodology. J. Cotton Sci., 173: 2164.
- Benzekri, M.B., et al. 2018. Valourization of olive stones into a granular activated carbon for the removal of methylene blue in batch and fixed bed modes. J. Mater. Env. Sci., 9(1): 272-284.
- Noszko, L.H., et al. 1984. Preparation of activated carbon from the byproducts of agricultural industry. Per. Polytech., 28: 293-297.
- Cleiton, A., C. Nunes and M. Guerreiro. 2011. Estimation of surface area and pore volume of activated carbons by methylene blue and iodine numbers. Quim. Nova., 34: 472-476.
- Ghasemi, M., et al. 2014. Adsorption of Pb (II) from kinetic studies. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20: 2193-2199.
- Yuvaraja, G., et al. 2014. Biosorption of Pb (II) from agricultural waste. Colloids Surf., B114: 75-81.
- Melichova, Z. and L. Hromada. 2013. Adsorption of Pb2+and Cu2+ions from aqueous solutions on natural bentonite. Polish J. Env. Stud., 22(2): 457-464.
- Kooh, M.R., et al. 2016. Separation of toixc Rhodamine B from aqueous solution using an efficient low-cost material, Azolla pinnata by adsorption method. Env. Monit. Assess., 188(2): 108.
- Freundlich, H.M.F. 1906. Adsorption in solutions. J. Physical Chem., 57: 385-470.
- Langmuir, I. 1916. The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids. J. American Chem. Soc., 38:2221-2295.
- Tempkin, M.J. 1941. Adsorption equilibrium and the kinetics of process on non-homogenous surfaces and in the interaction between adsorbed moisture. J. Phys. Chem. (USSR). 15: 296-332.
- Svecova, L., et al. 2006. Cadmium, lead and mercury biosorption on waste fungal biomass issued from fermentation industry. I. Equilibrium studies. Sep. Purif. Tech., 52: 142-153.
- Xin, H., et al. Pb2+biosorption from aqueous solutions by live and dead biosorbents of the hydrocarbon-degrading strain Rhodococcus sp. Hx-2. PLoS One. 15(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226557.
- Santhi, T., A.L. Prasad and A. Manonmani. 2014. A comparative study of microwave and chemically treated Acacia nilotica leaf as an eco-friendly adsorbent for the removal of Rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution. Arabian J. Chem., 7: 494-503.
- Kooh, M.R., M.K. Dahri and L.B. Lim. 2016. Remediation of Rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution using Casuarina equisetifolia cone powder as a low-cost adsorbent. Adv. Physical Chem. DOI:10.1155/2016/9497378.
- Lagergren, S. 1898. About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Royal Swedish Academy Sci., 24:1-39.
- Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay. 1999. Pseudo second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem., 34(5): 451-465.
- Bullen, J., S. Saleesongsom and D. Weiss. 2000. A revised pseudo second order kinetic model for adsorption, sensitivity to changes in sorbate and sorbent concentrations. Physical Chem. DOI: 10.26434/chemrxiv.12008799.v1.
- Weber Jr., W.J. and J.C. Morris. 1963. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. J. Sanitary Eng. Div. Proceed. American Soc. Civil Eng., 89: 31-59.
- Vasanth, K.V., V. Ramamurthi and S. Sivannesan. 2005. Modeling the mechanism involved during the sorption of methylene blue onto flyash. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 284: 14-21.