IJEP 41(7): 802-809 : Vol. 41 Issue. 7 (July 2021)
GITAM (Deemed to be University), Department of Environmental Science, Institute of Science, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Air pollution is one of the major environmental problems in the urban atmosphere and green plants act as living filters to absorb and accumulate pollutants from the atmosphere. To assess the plants’ tolerance, the parameters of air pollution tolerance index (APTI) and anticipated performance index (API) in the traffic density area of Visakhapatnam were evaluated. Seventeen tree species were identified growing in the selected study area. The APTI was calculated based on the biochemical analysis of leaf cell sap pH, total chlorophyll content, relative water content (RWC) and ascorbic acid. The air quality in traffic density areas ranged from moderate to high for particulate matter and low to moderate for NOx. Out of 17 species studied, eight tree species (Ficus benghalensis, Eucalyptus citriodora, Mangifera indica, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Syzygium cumini, Azadirachta indica, Bauhinia purpurea and Pongamia pinnata) have shown API values above 81 and are categorized as excellent and can be grown in urban areas. Among them, Azadirachta indica and Pongamia pinnata are suitable for avenue plantation in traffic density areas because of their resistance to pollution and extreme winds during cyclones.
Urban plantation, Green belt, Anticipated performance index, Traffic density area
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