Solid Waste Management and Contribution of Swachh Bharat Mission in Shimla

IJEP 42(1): 88-96 : Vol. 42 Issue. 1 (January 2022)

R. Tanwar1, P.R. Kaushik2 and S. Herat3*

1. Kurukshetra University, University of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
2. Griffith University, School of Environment, Queensland, Australia
3. Griffith University, School of Engineering and Built Environment, Queensland, Australia


Mountain regions in developing countries are experiencing problems related to solid waste (SW) production. SW creates problems not only for people living in mountain regions but also for people in lowland regions. The city of Shimla (the capital of British India and now in Himachal Pradesh) in India is located in a mountain region and is dealing with the problems of SW. Solid waste-related problems in Shimla are in an alarming condition for sustainable development and SW management systems. The causes of the production of municipal SW are the growth of the urban sector and the inappropriate management of SW. In this study, the current status of municipal SW and the types and characteristics of SW in Shimla city will be presented and the procedure for managing SW will be discussed. Proper management of SW in Shimla is an essential requirement for preventing damage to the environment and human health. Different management techniques for SW and their financial aspects will be discussed. Various strategies for the planning of solid waste are suggested.


Solid waste, Shimla, Solid waste management, Swachh Bharat mission


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