Quantitative Analysis of Groundwater in Kaviti Mandal –A Renal Failure Zone of Srikakulam, A.P., India

IJEP 42(12): 1528-1536 : Vol. 42 Issue. 12 (December 2022)

Kalyana Kiran Kumar1*,Gandi Ramarao1, Chongala Prasad1 and Ramamohan H.2

1. Aditya Institute of Technology and Management, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, K. Kotturu, Tekkali – 532 001, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India
2. Aditya Institute of Technology and Management, Department of Civil Engineering, K. Kotturu, Tekkali – 532 001, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India


Chronic renal failure problem is the current fearful situation in Uddanam, a northeastern coastal region in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam district. These pathetic situations have touched the hearts of many researchers to explore the various factors related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). This paper describes the main cause of chronic kidney disease in this region. Majority of the people are using groundwater as their potable source. Survey reports collected from experienced local people and medical experts articulated that drinking water is the primary factor for renal failure. This study mainly focused on groundwater quality to diagnose contaminated elements in the water used for drinking purposes and its effect on residents of this belt. The in-situ and ex-situ analysis of water concentrated on physico-chemical parameters and trace elements and the results are discussed in detail.


Renal failure, Contaminated groundwater, Physico-chemical parameters, Trace elements, Seasonal variation, In-situ analysis


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