Bioremoval of Carpet Dye from Effluent and Their Influence on the Growth of Tomato (Gaytri F1) and Cicer arietinum

IJEP 42(5): 600-605 : Vol. 42 Issue. 5 (May 2022)

Karuna Singh1*, Pankaj Kumar1 and Nrapendra Vir Singh2

1. Udai Pratap College, Department of Botany, Varanasi – 221 003, U.P., India
2. Central University of South Bihar, Department of Teacher Education, Gaya – 824 236, Bihar, India


The textile industry is one of the largest consumers of potable water and consequently, produces a huge amount of dye-containing wastewater. Discharge of this dye-bearing wastewater into the rivers poses severe problems to the aquatic life, food web and causes damage to the aesthetic nature of the environment. Colour removal from this wastewater is necessary not only because of its potential toxicity, but also mainly due to its visibility problem. There have been various techniques for the removal of dyes, like physical, chemical and biological, but the effectiveness of bioremoval of dye from wastewater has made it an ideal alternative to other treatment methods. The objective of this paper is to study the potential of removal of dye from textile water by fungi Aspergillus niger MTC1344 and its subsequent impact on the growth of the tomato and gram. Aspergillus niger is shown to be an efficient fungus for removal of Carpet dye effluent and it can decolourize dye effluent upto 78.40±0.305 on 7th day of the incubation period. Germination, seedling growth and shoot length showed a significant increase at 10% and 25% of the effluent concentration.


Textile water, Wastewater, Removal, Aspergillus niger MTC1344, Bioremoval, Germination


  1. Sivakumar, D. 2014. Role of Lemna minor Lin in treating the textile industry wastewater. Int. J. Env. Ecol. Geol. Mineral Eng., 8:203-207.
  2. Ghaly, A., et al. 2014. Production, characterization and treatment of textile effluents : A critical review. J. Chem. Eng. Process Tech., 5:1-18.
  3. Popli, S. and U.D. Patel. 2015. Destruction of azo dyes by anaerobic-aerobic sequential biological treatment : A review. Int. J. Env. Sci. Tech., 12:405-420.
  4. Yaseen, D.A. and M. Scholz. 2016. Shallow pond systems planted with Lemna minor treating azo dyes. Ecol. Eng., 94:295-305.
  5. Sharma, K. P., et al. 2007. A comparative study on characterization of textile wastewaters (untreated and treated) toxicity by chemical and biological tests. Chemosphere. 69:48-54.
  6. Sekomo, C.B., et al. 2012. Heavy metal removal in duckweed and algae ponds as a polishing step for textile wastewater treatment. Ecol. Eng., 44:102-110.
  7. Das, S.A.B., F.J. Cervantes and J.B. Van Lier. 2007. Review paper on current technologies for decolourization of textile wastewaters : Perspectives for anaerobic biotechnology. Bioresour. Tech., 98:2369-2385.
  8. Shah, M.P., et al. 2013. Optimization of environmental parameters on microbial degradation of Reactive Black dye. J. Bioremed. Biodegrad., 4:10-15.
  9. Yagub, M.T., et al. 2014. Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption : A review. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 209:172-184.
  10. Vakili, M., et al. 2014. Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater : A review. Carbohydrate Polymer. 113:115-130.
  11. Rafatullah, M., et al. 2010. Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents : A review. J. Hazard. Mater., 177:70-80.
  12. Mishra, S. and A. Maiti. 2018. The efficacy of bacterial species to decolourise reactive azo, anthraquinone and triphenylmethane dyes from wastewater : A review. Env. Sci. Poll. Res., 5:8286-8314.
  13. Mohana, S., et al. 2008. Response surface methodology for optimization of medium for decolorization of textile dye Direct Black 22 by a novel bacterial consortium. Bioresour. Tech., 99:562-569.
  14. Senan, R.C. and T.E. Abraham. 2004. Bioremediation of textile azo dyes by aerobic bacterial consortium aerobic degradation of selected azo dyes by bacterial consortium. Biodergrad., 15:275-280.
  15. Singh, K. and P. Rai. 2020. Decolorization of saree dyes, by Aspergillus niger MTCC 1344 and their effect on tomato (Gaytri F1 hybrids). Int. J. Sci. Tech. Res.
  16. Hadibarata, T., et al. 2016. Microbial decolourization of an azo dye Reactive Black 5 using white-rot fungus Pleurotus cryngli FO32. Water Air Soil Poll., 224:1595.
  17. O’Mahony, T., E. Guibal and J.M. Tobin. 2002. Reactive dye biosorption by Rhizopus arrhizus biomass. Enzyme Microbial Tech., 31:456-463.
  18. Osma, J.F., L. Toca-Herrera and S. Rodriguez-Couto. 2010. Transformation pathway of Remazol Brilliant Blue R by immobilized laccase. Bioresour. Tech., 101:8509-8514.
  19. Palmieri, G., G. Cennamo and G. Sannia. 2005. Removal Brilliant Blue R decolourization by the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus and its oxidative enzymatic system. Enzyme Microbial Tech., 36:17-24.
  20. Chen, K., et al. 2003. Decolourization of the textile dyes by newly isolated bacterial strains. J. Biotech., 101:57-68.
  21. Aksu, Z. and S. Tezer. 2000. Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of biosorption of Remazol Black B by Rhizopus arhizzus in a batch system : Effect of temperature. Process Biochem., 36:431-439.
  22. Saratale, R.G., et al. 2009. Enhanced decolourization and decolourization of textile azo dye Scarlet R by using developed microbial consortium-GR. Bioresour. Tech., 100:2494-2500.
  23. El-Kassas, H.Y. 2008. Decolourization and detoxification of Direct Fast Red 8 B by a marine fungus. World Appl. Sci. J., 15(4):460-468.
  24. Pasti-Grigsby, M.B., et al. 1992. Influence of aromatic substitution patterns on azo dye degradability by Streptomyces spp. and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl. Env. Microbiol., 58:3605-3613.
  25. Adraino, D.C., et al. 2013. Effect of application of dairy manure on germination and emergence of some selected crops. J. Env. Quality. 2(3):396-399.
  26. Singh, P.P., M. Mall and J. Singh. 2004. Impact of fertilizer effluent on seed germination, seedling growth and chlorophyll content of gram (Cicer aeritenium). J. Env. Biol., 27(1):153-156.
  27. Kirkby, E.A. 1968. Influence of ammonia and nitrate nutrition on the cation balance and nitrogen and carbohydrate metabolism of white mustard plant growth in dilute nutrient solution. Soil Sci., 105-141.
  28. Gupta, A. and A. Mitale. 2017. Effect of textile effluent on growth and biochemical parameter of Tagetes erecta. Indian J. Sci. Tech., 10(31):0974-6846.