Sanitary Landfill Site Selection in Patna Using GIS and MCDA

IJEP 42(6): 758-763 : Vol. 42 Issue. 6 (June 2022)

Naila Nayab1 and Abdur Rahman Quaff2*

1. National Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Patna – 800 005, Bihar, India
2. University of Delhi, Medicinal Plant Research laboratory, Department of Botany, Ramjas College, Delhi – 110 007, India


Disposal at landfills is still one of the most preferred methods for municipal solid waste in India, though it should be the least preferred option. Most of the time government regulations and public opposition makes it extremely difficult for city planner to find a new landfill site. The combination of geographic information systems (GIS) and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) can be applied successfully in such situations. The complex procedure considers various technical, environmental, economic, political and social factors. This paper uses a methodology and application of GIS for the sanitary landfill site selection for Patna, capital city of Bihar, India. Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) has been used to give weights to factors based on expert opinion and extensive study. The results indicate that there are three locations where adequate land seems available and these sites are under ‘most suitable’ category for sanitary landfilling.


Municipal solid waste, Landfill site selection, Gegographic information system, Multi-criteria decision making, Analytical hierarchy process, Urban local bodies


  1. Ohri, A., et al. 2015. Sanitary landfill site selection by using geographic information system. National Conference on Open source GIS: Opportunities and challenges, Varanasi. Proceedings, pp 170-180.
  2. Sharholy, M., et al. 2008. Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities – A review. J. Waste Manage., 28 (2):459-467.
  3. MSWM. 2016. manual on municipal solid waste. Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation.
  4. Sener, Basak. 2004. Landfill site selection by using geographic information systems. Ph.D. Thesis. Middle East Technical University.
  5. Kirimi, F.K. and E. Waithaka. 2014. Determination of suitable landfill site using geospatial techniques and multi-criteria decision analysis: A case study of Nakuru town, Kenya. Int. J. Sci. Res., 11(3):500-505.
  6. Javaheri, H., et al. 2006. Site selection of municipal solid waste landfills using analytical hierarchy process method in a geographical information technology environment in giroft. Iranian J. Env. Health Sci. Eng., 3(3):177-184.
  7. Bera, S., M. Ahmad and A. Kumar. 2016. Suitable site selection for urban solid waste management using GIS technique – A case study of Dhanbad block. Int. Res. J. Eng. Tech., 3(7): 1600-1605.
  8. Sashikumar, M.C. and M. Lalwin. 2013. Selection for solid waste disposal for Manur block of Tirunel- veli district using GIS techniques. J. Geomatics. 7 (1): 19-23.
  9. City appraisal (vol II).