Mapping of Potential Sites for Riverfront Development using GIS and RS: A case Study of River Ganga from Kaushambi to Prayagraj District in Uttar Pradesh

IJEP 43(1): 80-88 : Vol. 43 Issue. 1 (January 2023)

Mannu Yadav1 and Rakesh Chandra Vaishya2*

1. Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Geographic Information System (GIS) Cell, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh – 211 004, India
2. Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Prayagraj , Uttar Pradesh – 211 004, India


In present research work, effective utilization of geospatial tools and techniques alongwith analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was done to identify and map the potential zone for riverfront development on the bank of the river Ganga from Kaushambi to Prayagraj district in Uttar Pradesh, India. In this paper, population cluster, distance from the river, existing ghats, cultural/heritage sites, road, distance from railway stations, slope, elevation and stable/ non-shifting points were among the nine factors used to evaluate the sites for riverfront development. These factors were selected by suggestions from professional experts and relevant literature. A conceptual methodology has been developed to achieve the objective of this study. Therefore, AHP technique has been used to estimate the weight of these criteria using a pairwise comparison matrix. Furthermore, the consistency ratio was achieved at 0.07. The final potential site map has been classified into three categories: suitable, moderately suitable and unsuitable. This study would be helpful for, in terms of socio-economic, cultural and environmental, administration as well as local people and it also helps to control the bank erosion of the river system.


Analytical hierarchy process, site selection, riverfront development, Ganga river, GIS


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