IJEP 43(4): 313-320 : Vol. 43 Issue. 4 (April 2023)
1. Lutsk National Technical University, Department of Civil Security, Lvivska street, 75, 43018, Lutsk, Ukraine
2. V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Chemical Metrology Department, Svobody Square, 4, 61022, Kharkiv, Ukraine
3. Water Research Institute, Nábrezie Arm. Gen. L. Svobodu, 5, 81249, Bratislava, Slovakia
4. Ukrainian Research Institute of Environmental Problems, Bakulina Street, 6, 61166, Kharkiv, Ukraine
In the paper the modern methods of the heavy metals determination in bottom sediments were briefly analyzed and the options for the sample preparation were considered. It is noted that the atomic adsorption methods and methods using inductively coupled plasma are the most common. Acid digestion for preparing the sediment samples is predominantly used with or without additional microwave digestion of the samples. There is a lack of unification in the sample preparation of bottom sediments. For this sutdy, a number of samples of bottom sediments of the Danube river (Ukraine), options for sample preparation with acid decomposition, microwave decomposition in acid and microwave decomposition in a mixture of acids were analyzed. It was found that with an increase in the intensification of sample preparation for iron, chromium and manganese, the completeness of extraction increases; the effect of the intensity of sample preparation is most pronounced in the determination of iron and the least in the determination of manganese. For zinc and copper, there is no such dependence and for cobalt, the use of microwave decomposition slightly increases the completeness of extraction. In the Fe-Mn-Zn-Cr-Cu-Co series, the decrease in the accumulation of these metals in bottom sediments was observed.
Heavy metal, Environment, Water, Sample preparation, Microwave decomposition, Acid decomposition, Bottom sediment
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