Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Challenges in Urban Settlement of Tamil Nadu: Lessons for Sustainability

IJEP 43(9): 815-821 : Vol. 43 Issue. 9 (September 2023)

J.V. Arun1* and A. Premkumar2

1. Government Arts College for Men (Autonomous), Department of Economics, Chennai – 600 035, Tamil Nadu, India
2. Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Department of Economics, Tirupattur – 635 601, Tamil Nadu, India


One of major challenges arising out of urbanization has been the issue of access to sanitation facilities and the menace of defecating in open spaces. The practice of open defecation has drastic effect on health and poor sanitation behaviour and attitude inexorably lead to environmental degradation. The paper has analyzed challenges that threaten our ability to expand sanitation coverage among poor households living in urban slums of Chennai city. Primary data was collected from 100 households and the study found that there is better usage of latrines among households but whenever there is shortage of water supply, people tend to defecate in public. Added to this, most households dispose of wastewaters into water drainages. Study recommends adoption of toilet technologies that are less water intensive; wastewater disposal mechanisms followed by overall behavioural change.


Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Open defecation free, Urban, Slum


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